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According to the mathematical Graph Theory, an object is made up of a set of connection points and lines which can be used to make multiple interpretations of itself. A Network of Dots and Lines uses this theory to reconstruct letters from their original shape into an alternative form. By identifying their common traits they can be traced back to their original letterform. This work shows five possible typefaces generated from this system.

2Identity for the Graphic Design Graduation show 2022. The identity is resembling the proces of moving from point A to B, just like in a learning proces, where point A & B can be variables. This project contained a graduation catalogue showing the process of the student projects, exhibition design, website and merchandise. In collaboration with Joanne van der Wal, Xiaoyuan Gao, Britt Schmitz, Tofe Al-Obaidi.

3A typographical experiment using motion within Processing.

4A bilingual book about Generic Cities. Its design is based on the annoyance of footnotes and the change and speed of cities. The footnotes move through the book and crossover languages. Therefore the footnotes and images both make both languages still interact with each other. The book has two front covers, on one side you find the Dutch version and when you flip the book you find the English version.

5A research project into some neighbourhoods in the Netherlands. A white chair is an object that reoccurs in these places. I composed these sculptures with the chairs by stacking them in several ways. The sculptures became postcards to represent the neighbourhoods.

6The text I redesigned was about a math formula which the writer explained in 99 ways. Every variation has its own composition, matching its theme. The text overall I approached as a formula and its letters as numbers which I could subtract. The letters that were removed add up on the last page. This section of 16 pages is part of a collaborative book with all the second-year students of 2020 Graphic Design ArtEZ.

7Animation of 5 Fluxus event scores. The beginning stage of the scores is the same as the ending stage, so nothing actually happens. By moving all these loose characters in this ASCII typeface, an animation originates. The end and beginning frame of the animation are very similar or even completely the same. It is about what happens in the time in between.

8A catalogue book from the book collection of the Graphic Design department from ArtEZ Arnhem. The books are divided into sets of five with a specific topic. In the centre are these grid systems that are used to order the books in several ways, from content to appearance. In collaboration with Isa Grienberger, Ana-Maria Cojocaru, Caterina Pettiti & Joanne van der Wal.